- www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/562016 - Traducir esta páginade J Stocker - 1977Union Med Can. 1977 Aug;106(8):1161-3. [Usefulness of placental echolocalization in cases of hemorrhage in the 3d trimester]. [Article in French]. Stocker J ...
- www.unboundmedicine.com/.../[Usefulness_of_plac...Traducir esta páginaPubMed journal article [Usefulness of placental echolocalization in cases of hemorrhage in the 3d trimester was found in Unbound MEDLINE. Download ...
- www.researchgate.net/.../22580320_Usefulness_of_p... - Traducir esta páginaPublication » [Usefulness of placental echolocalization in cases of hemorrhage in the 3d trimester]..
- phdtree.org/.../4940350-usefulness-of-placental-ech...Traducir esta páginaUsefulness of placental echolocalization in cases of hemorrhage in the 3d trimester. J. Stocker, M. Bureau, N. Cassar, P. Noël, A. Deleon, P. Desjardins.
- www.biomedsearch.com/...echolocalization.../56201...Traducir esta páginaUsefulness of placental echolocalization in cases of hemorrhage in the 3d trimester. MedLine Citation: PMID: 562016 Owner: NLM Status: MEDLINE.
- scholar.qsensei.com/content/nzy53 - Traducir esta página[Usefulness of placental echolocalization in cases of hemorrhage in the 3d trimester]. Author. Stocker, J · Bureau, M · Cassar, N · Noël, P · deLeon, A · Desjardins ...
www.imaging-ks.nu/helms/docs/94-Diss.pdfTraducir esta páginaIn Spin Echo Localization Sequences. For In Vivo NMR Spectroscopy. GUNTHER HELMS. Ph.D. Thesis. Georg-August-Universität Göttingen. Göttingen 1994.
- spanish.dictionary.com/translation/echolocalizationTraducir esta páginaLearn how to translate echolocalization from English to Spanish at Dictionary.
- zh-cn.oldict.com/echolocalization/ - Traducir esta páginaecholocalization是什么意思, echolocalization翻译, echolocalization解释,什么是echolocalization, 解释:回声定位.
- books.google.es/books?isbn=143772227X - Traducir esta páginaGregory W. Randolph - 2012 - MedicalDolphins and other odontocetes such as toothed whales emit single high' frequency clicks for echolocalization.2 Many other animals, including bats, owls, and ...
- books.google.es/books?isbn=9042024666 - Traducir esta páginaGiuseppe Vicari, Francesc Forn i Argimon - 2008 - PhilosophyThis expert could give a complete reconstruction of the functioning of the echolocalization system allowing these animals to have a complete orientation in the ...
- www.psicothema.com/psicothema.asp?id=843... possibilities of the different sensory sources available to blind people (low visión, sonority sources, echolocalization and acoustic shadows, haptic perception, ...
martes, 19 de agosto de 2014
(From ecolinguistics mailing list...)
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Hello! I recently completed a thesis entitled *Að Jökla: Ecolinguistic Activism through Acoustic Ecology, Countermapping, Travel Wreading, and Conversations with Landscapes*. Though I've marked the thesis as closed to the public for now, if anyone on the ecolinguistics listserv would like to access it, I would be happy to arrange that for you. An abstract is below. Warmth, Angela Rawlings http://arawlings.is http://skemman.is/en/item/view/1946/18563 -- This thesis explores the potential for ecolinguistic activism to act as a gateway for experiential learning via the generation of site-dependent artwork related to place—specifically, glaciers in Iceland. Through the exploration of non-conventional pedagogy within an artist’s context, the relationship between humans and glaciers unfolds in multidisciplinary art documenting long-term engagement with soundscapes, countermapping, travel wreading, and conversations with landscapes. Acoustic ecology provides sound education exercises through ear cleaning, soundwalks, and vocal improvisation, resulting in the participant’s increased awareness of listening as both sensorial practice and as comprehension. Countermapping and travel wreading offer non-conventional modes of dwelling within language and literature. Attempted conversations with landscapes situate the participant within a theatre of the rural, in which reciprocal perception shifts the relatability of linguistic category, emotional connection, and utility. The thesis’ main conclusion is that autoethnographic methodology demonstrates the effectiveness of pedagogy focused on transformative action, and documentation of art-making processes offers repeatable models that may result in action competence with the power to alter a person’s notion of herself as a place-maker and of her interconnectedness with ecosystems in flux.
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I think wikipedia wrongnesss is about confusing "localization" and "location";
Echolocation is a overall way of method towards a global acoustical understanding of place, of the place we occupy inside a dynamic three dimensional space
Localization of "objects" is only a partial work inside Echolocation.
We would use "ECHOLOCALIZATION" for that partial wikipedia focus of localizing only a partial part of all the acoustical landscape, that is certain physical objects present inside or within the landscape or ecosystem.
Etymologies below seem to put more clearness in these facts...:)
Curiously Google seems to ignore "echolocalization", sending to the reader towards: "Echolocation":
But here what you could find through "advanced search":
Human echolocation is an ability of humans to detect objects in their environment by sensing echoes from those objects. By actively creating sounds – for example, by tapping their canes, lightly stomping their foot, snapping their fingers, or making clicking noises with their mouths – people trained to orientate with echolocation can interpret the sound waves reflected by nearby objects, accurately identifying their location and size. This ability is used by some blind people for acoustic wayfinding, or navigating within their environment using auditory rather than visual cues. It is similar in principle to active sonar and to animal echolocation, which is employed by various groups including bats, dolphins and toothed whales.
- locate (v.)
- 1650s, "to establish oneself in a place, settle," from Latin locatus, past participle of locare "to place, put, set, dispose, arrange," from locus "a place" (see locus). Sense of "mark the limits of a place" (especially a land grant) is attested from 1739 in American English; this developed to "establish (something) in a place" (1807) and "to find out the place of" (1882, American English). Related: Located; locating.
- location (n.)
- "position, place," 1590s, from Latin locationem (nominative locatio), noun of action from past participle stem of locare (see locate); Hollywood sense of "place outside a film studio where a scene is filmed" is from 1914.
- localization (n.)
- 1811, noun of action from localize.
- localize (v.)
- 1792, from local + -ize. Related: Localized; localizing.
- local (adj.)
- "pertaining to position," late 14c. (originally medical, "confined to a particular part of the body"), from Old French local (13c.) and directly from Late Latin localis "pertaining to a place," from Latin locus "place" (see locus). The meaning "limited to a particular place" is from c.1500. Local color is from 1721, originally a term in painting; meaning "anything picturesque" is from c.1900.
- local (n.)
- early 15c., "a medicament applied to a particular part of the body," from local (adj.). Meaning "inhabitant of a particular locality" is from 1825. The meaning "a local train" is from 1879; "local branch of a trade union" is from 1888; "neighborhood pub" is from 1934.
- echo (n.)
- mid-14c., "sound repeated by reflection," from Latin echo, from Greek echo, personified in classical mythology as a mountain nymph who pined away for love of Narcissus until nothing was left of her but her voice, from or related to ekhe "sound," ekhein "to resound," from PIE *wagh-io-, extended form of root *(s)wagh- "to resound" (cognates: Sanskrit vagnuh "sound," Latin vagire "to cry," Old English swogan "to resound"). Related: Echoes. Echo chamber attested from 1937.
- echo (v.)
- 1550s (intrans.), c.1600 (trans.), from echo (n.). Related: Echoed; echoing.
- echovirus (n.)
- also ECHO virus, 1955, acronym for enteric cytopathogenic human orphan; "orphan" because when discovered they were not known to cause any disease.
- echolocation (n.)
- 1944, from echo (n.) + location.
- echolalia (n.)
- "meaningless repetition of words and phrases," 1876, from German (von Romberg, 1865), from Greek ekho (see echo (n.)) + lalia "talk, prattle, a speaking," from lalein "to speak, prattle," of echoic origin.
- echopraxia (n.)
- "meaningless imitation of the movements of others," 1902, from Greek ekho (see echo (n.)) + praxis "action" (see praxis).
- echoic (adj.)
- 1880; see echo (n.) + -ic. A word from the OED.
Onomatopoeia, in addition to its awkwardness, has neither associative nor etymological application to words imitating sounds. It means word-making or word-coining and is strictly as applicable to Comte's altruisme as to cuckoo. Echoism suggests the echoing of a sound heard, and has the useful derivatives echoist, echoize, and echoic instead of onomatopoetic, which is not only unmanageable, but when applied to words like cuckoo, crack, erroneous; it is the voice of the cuckoo, the sharp sound of breaking, which are onomatopoetic or word-creating, not the echoic words which they create. [James A.H. Murray, Philological Society president's annual address, 1880]
- re-echo (v.)
- 1580s, from re- + echo (v.). Related: Re-echoed; re-echoing.
- bound (v.2)
- "to leap," 1580s, from French bondir "to rebound, resound, echo," from Old French bondir "to leap, rebound; make a noise, beat (a drum)," 13c., ultimately "to echo back," from Vulgar Latin *bombitire "to buzz, hum" (see bomb (n.)), perhaps on model of Old French tentir, from Vulgar Latin *tinnitire.
- repercussion (n.)
- early 15c., "act of driving back," from Middle French répercussion (14c.) or directly from Latin repercusionem (nominative repercussio), from past participle stem of repercutere "to strike or beat back; shine back, reflect; echo," from re- "back" (see re-) + percutere "to strike or thrust through" (see percussion). Meaning "reverberation, echo" first recorded 1590s; the metaphoric extension is recorded from 1620s.
- ZIP (adj.)
- 1963, in U.S. postal ZIP code, an acronym for Zone Improvement Plan, no doubt chosen with conscious echo of zip (v.1).
- hot dog
- also hotdog, "sausage on a split roll," c.1890, popularized by cartoonist T.A. Dorgan. It is said to echo a 19c. suspicion (occasionally justified) that sausages contained dog meat. Meaning "someone particularly skilled or excellent" (with overtones of showing off) is from 1896. Connection between the two senses, if any, is unclear. Hot dog! as an exclamation of approval was in use by 1906.
- yawp (v.)
- c.1300, yolpen, probably echoic variant of yelpen (see yelp). Related: Yawped; yawping. The noun, in reference to speech, is recorded from 1835, now used chiefly in conscious echo of Whitman (1855).
- madding (adj.)
- present participle adjective from obsolete verb mad "to make insane; to become insane" (see madden); now principally in the phrase far from the madding crowd, title of a novel by Hardy (1874), who lifted it from a line of Gray's "Elegy" (1749), which seems to echo a line from Drummond of Hawthornden from 1614 ("Farre from the madding Worldling's hoarse discords").
- resonance (n.)
- mid-15c., in acoustics, "prolongation of sound by reverberation;" 1660s, "act of resonating;" from Middle French resonance (15c.), from Latin resonantia "echo," from resonare "to sound again" (see resound). Earlier in same sense was resonation (early 15c.).
- reverberate (v.)
- 1570s, "beat back, drive back, force back," from Latin reverberatus, past participle of reverberare "strike back, repel, cause to rebound" (see reverberation). Meaning "re-echo" is from 1590s. Earlier verb was reverberen (early 15c.). Related: Reverberated; reverberating.
- bitch (v.)
- "to complain," attested at least from 1930, perhaps from the sense in bitchy, perhaps influenced by the verb meaning "to bungle, spoil," which is recorded from 1823. But bitched in this sense seems to echo Middle English bicched "cursed, bad," a general term of opprobrium (as in Chaucer's bicched bones "unlucky dice"), which despite the hesitation of OED, seems to be a derivative of bitch (n.).
- catechesis (n.)
- from Greek katekhesis "instruction by word of mouth," from katekhein "to instruct orally," originally "to resound" (with sense evolution via "to sound (something) in someone's ear; to teach by word of mouth." From kata- "down" (in this case, "thoroughly") + ekhein "to sound, ring," from ekhe "sound," from PIE *(s)wagh- "to resound" (see echo (n.)). Related: Catachectic; catachectical.
- sough (v.)
- "to make a moaning or murmuring sound," Old English swogan "to sound, roar, howl, rustle, whistle," from Proto-Germanic *swoganan (cognates: Old Saxon swogan "to rustle," Gothic gaswogjan "to sigh"), from PIE imitative root *(s)wagh- (cognates: Greek echo, Latin vagire "to cry, roar, sound"). The noun is late 14c., from the verb.
- resound (v.)
- late 14c., resownen, from Old French resoner "reverberate" (12c., Modern French résonner), from Latin resonare "sound again, resound, echo," from re- "back, again" (see re-) + sonare "to sound" (see sonata). Spelling influenced from mid-15c. by sound (v.). Related: Resounded; resounding.
- reverberation (n.)
- late 14c., "reflection of light or heat," from Old French reverberacion "great flash of light; intense quality," from Medieval Latin reverberationem (nominative reverberatio), noun of action from past participle stem of Latin reverberare "beat back, strike back, repel, cause to rebound," from re- "back" (see re-) + verberare "to strike, to beat," from verber "whip, lash, rod," related to verbena "leaves and branches of laurel," from PIE *werb- "to turn, bend" (see warp (v.)). Sense of "an echo" is attested from 1620s.
- meme (n.)
- 1976, introduced by evolutionary biologist Richard Dawkins in "The Selfish Gene," coined by him from Greek sources, such as mimeisthai "to imitate" (see mime), and intended to echo gene.
We need a name for the new replicator, a noun that conveys the idea of a unit of cultural transmission, or a unit of imitation. 'Mimeme' comes from a suitable Greek root, but I want a monosyllable that sounds a bit like 'gene'. I hope my classicist friends will forgive me if I abbreviate mimeme to meme. If it is any consolation, it could alternatively be thought of as being related to 'memory', or to the French word même. It should be pronounced to rhyme with 'cream'. [Richard Dawkins, "The Selfish Gene," 1976]
- acronym for sealed with a kiss, attested from 1911, in a legal publication quoting a letter from 1909:
"... Well Kid I don't know nothing else to say only that I hope to see your sweet face Sat. Good by from your Dear Husban to his sweet little wife. P. S. excuse bad writing and mispelled words take all mistakes as kisses. S.W.A.K. * * *" This letter was postmarked at Des Moines October 20, 1909, addressed to Carrie Sprague at Jefferson, Iowa, and reached the latter place October 21, 1909. [State v. Manning (a conspiracy-to-lure-women-to-prostitution case), Supreme Court of Iowa, Nov. 16, 1910, reported in "Northwestern Reporter," Volume 128, 1911]Popularized in soldiers' letters home in World War I. It probably is meant also to echo the sound of a kiss. Compare Middle English swack "a hard blow" (late 14c.).
- digraph used in Old French for the "tsh" sound. In some French
dialects, including that of Paris (but not that of Picardy), Latin ca- became French "tsha." This was introduced to English after the Norman Conquest, in words borrowed from Old French such as chaste, charity, chief (adj.). Under French influence, -ch- also was inserted into Anglo-Saxon words that had the same sound (such as bleach, chest, church) which in Old English still was written with a simple -c-, and into those that had formerly been spelled with a -c- and pronounced "k" such as chin and much.
As French evolved, the "t" sound dropped out of it, so in later loan-words from France ch- has only the sound "sh-" (chauffeur, machine (n.), chivalry, etc.).
It turns up as well in words from classical languages (chaos, echo, etc.). Most uses of -ch- in Roman Latin were in words from Greek, which would be pronounced correctly as "k" + "h," as in blockhead, but most Romans would have said merely "k." Sometimes ch- is written to keep -c- hard before a front vowel, as still in modern Italian.
In some languages (Welsh, Spanish, Czech) ch- can be treated as a separate letter and words in it are alphabetized after -c- (or, in Czech and Slovak, after -h-). The sound also is heard in more distant languages (as in cheetah, chintz), and the digraph also is used to represent the sound in Scottish loch.
- schmuck (n.)
- also shmuck, "contemptible person," 1892, from East Yiddish shmok, literally "penis," probably from Old Polish smok "grass snake, dragon," and likely not the same word as German Schmuck "jewelry, adornments," which is related to Low German smuck "supple, tidy, trim, elegant," and to Old Norse smjuga "slip, step through" (see smock).
In Jewish homes, the word was "regarded as so vulgar as to be taboo" [Leo Rosten, "The Joys of Yiddish," 1968] and Lenny Bruce wrote that saying it on stage got him arrested on the West Coast "by a Yiddish undercover agent who had been placed in the club several nights running to determine if my use of Yiddish terms was a cover for profanity." Euphemized as schmoe, which was the source of Al Capp's cartoon strip creature the shmoo.
"[A]dditional associative effects from German schmuck 'jewels, decoration' cannot be excluded (cross-linguistically commonplace slang: cf. Eng. 'family jewels')" [Mark R.V. Southern, "Contagious Couplings: Transmission of Expressives in Yiddish Echo Phrases," 2005]. But the English phrase refers to the testicles and is a play on words, the "family" element being the essential ones. Words for "decoration" seem not to be among the productive sources of European "penis" slang terms.
- stick (v.)
- Old English stician "to pierce, stab, transfix, goad," also "to remain embedded, stay fixed, be fastened," from Proto-Germanic *stik- "pierce, prick, be sharp" (cognates: Old Saxon stekan, Old Frisian steka, Dutch stecken, Old High German stehhan, German stechen "to stab, prick"), from PIE *steig- "to stick; pointed" (cognates: Latin instigare "to goad," instinguere "to incite, impel;" Greek stizein "to prick, puncture," stigma "mark made by a pointed instrument;" Old Persian tigra- "sharp, pointed;" Avestan tighri- "arrow;" Lithuanian stingu "to remain in place;" Russian stegati "to quilt").
Figurative sense of "to remain permanently in mind" is attested from c.1300. Transitive sense of "to fasten (something) in place" is attested from late 13c. Stick out "project" is recorded from 1560s. Slang stick around "remain" is from 1912; stick it as a rude item of advice is first recorded 1922. Related: Stuck; sticking. Sticking point, beyond which one refuses to go, is from 1956; sticking-place, where any thing put will stay is from 1570s. Modern use generally is an echo of Shakespeare.
martes, 24 de junio de 2014
miércoles, 18 de junio de 2014
Christchurch, Chernobyl (nuclearculture vs. wildest culture, Detroit (http://www.publico.es/internacional/207519/el-declive-terminal-de-la-ciudad-de-detroit) are but some concrete examples of the disaster society we are living today, the global society of this century is the global disaster society, learning through the practice of living a disaster here, a disaster there...
The pandemia of disasters we are going to live with, is a learning process in the urgency, of accomodating and reaccomodating seven thousands human bodies across 13.4 miles de millones de hectáreas or
Global hectare (the biocapacity of the planet)
What we have in front is a global theatre of survival, that possitive sciences translate as "SUPERVIVAL", AS SUPERVIVENCIA versus sobrevivencia)
The central idea of next times in these areas is reconstruction and renovation.
If hard capitalism is going to increase definitely their power for destroing, and not thie rpower for regenerating a lost civilization, we need to be prepared for living in a tablero de ajedrez where each square is "safe" today but tomorrow may be not safe...
The recent discoveries (how many years after "el nombre de la rosa?) of laugh science, maybe is going to close the obscurity times previous to day.
Possitive ecology os taking smile-and-lagh-sciences to re imprinting "hard sciences" with this good humour and hope
Originally "positive ecology," now "the ecology of happiness," has been what I've been trying to work on and towards for over a decade now... (It's found a recent home at http://www.beyond-eco.org). And yes, there is still a need for that, and not just in positive sentiments/visions but also, maybe even more so, in positive practices. First of all, I'd say, because we need to appeal to the love of people lest environmentalism remains mired in this position where it's too easily presented as being pro-planet/against-people.
One of the biggest problems, however, remains the search for single and clear solutions and singular approaches to convince everyone. When positive messages become nothing much more than feel-good, they will serve equally as little as when there's nothing but a call for revolution that may attract some, but portray 'green' issues as nothing but oppositional and sacrificial.
Especially informed by eco-anthro, though, I'd really like to see much more work on how we can (and can only, and have so far) live in ways that can go on (are sustainable), create rather than destroy a lot of ecological functioning and biodiversity (Europe without agriculture through Roman and Medieval times would be less ecologically diverse...) - and can be happy, fulfilling.
Lots of work to do, warning (though there's been a lot of that), speaking truth to power (of which there hasn't been quite that much or quite that influential), and also positively visionary and radically better.
On Wed, Jun 18, 2014 at 5:55 AM, Bradley Walters <email@example.com> wrote:
Monbiot’s work as a public communicator has established him as one of the world’s most influential environmentalist, so it seems oddly misplaced for him to be so self-critical of his past messaging. Monbiot is a master at speaking truth-to-power and most admire and respect him for all the fear-and-loathing he has served-up over the years. I really hope he doesn’t stop doing that. Rewilding some choice spots of England sounds great, but it is not going to keep the fracking rigs from despoiling most of the rest of his fair countryside.The last couple years I have participated in many conversations and public presentations about the risks of shale gas development. There has in fact been much debate within the activist circles here about the need to present a positive, alternative vision for the region based on renewable energy, etc., rather than just focusing on the negatives of fracking. Certainly, some folks respond well to the positive vision stuff, but most people respond and get motivated to take action when they learn and become fearful about the risks to their water and health. That said, this defensive reaction is for most folks born out of a mix of fear AND genuinely positive emotions reflecting a caring for their families and love of their homes and places they live.More generally, fear seems to work particularly well as a motivator where there is a clear and present danger: oil drilling trucks planning next year to sink wells in the neighborhood and the prospects that this might poison the water that comes out of ones’ tap (thank-you Josh Fox for that terrifying image of the tap-water on fire!). But fear seems less effective for most people when it entails a less clear, more existential threat, as is the case with climate change. Then again, fear motivates most of the climate activists I know pretty well, so there are not any clear and firm laws here.Yes, we need to appeal more to positive sentiments like love of place and the natural world. That is certainly something many of us have forgotten how to do or have become ashamed to admit (because it makes one vulnerable) as we make our appeals to care for the state of the world. Experience and greater confidence has led me to often include such positive-personal sentiments when I give public presentations. Clearly, many people respond well to this, viewing it as “speaking from the heart”, etc. The world is also in need of (and may be increasingly ready to embrace) a genuinely positive, progressive vision based on a radical re-think of how we generate energy, etc. But let’s not get too feel-good about all this stuff. The brutal truth can often be the most powerful motivator and those on the front lines do not always have the luxury of indulging in positive visions.Cheers, BradHi- EANTHers may be interested to read this latest article from The Guardian Newspaper by George Monbiot which I think raises several issues relevant to the research and teaching practices of list members.Monbiot argues for a stance that is not tirelessly critical, but which includes positive vision. For me, this relates to the idea of teaching for hope. This was the subject of a very helpful Anthropology News article last year-http://www.anthropology-news.org/index.php/2013/01/10/teaching-for-hope/. Latour's article critiquing critique recently mentioned by Eddie Schmitt is also relevant here. Anyway, one of the problems I have encountered teaching my course Environment, Development, and Disaster, a course influenced by recent experiences relating to the earthquakes in Christchurch, is the problem of overwhelming my students with global (as well as local) environmental problems that make them feel doomed and powerless. It seems the challenge is to ensure students believe they can exercise meaningful agency, and that one way to do this is to include case studies of environmental activist success, ecologically responsible policies and initiatives, and perhaps also practices that demonstrate sustainable use of natural resources and attitudes toward nonhumans. I appreciate too, that another useful strategy is community based projects that involve students in environmental initiatives, something we have discussed on EANTH. I would welcome further suggestions from list members.Another issue that Monbiot raises, one I'm sure will prove contentious, is his claim that pricing nature through notions such as ecosystem services not only replicates the assumptions and practices of an economic system that has tended to ignore ecological impacts, but also that such approaches do not work. I know there is a great deal of expertise in these issues among EANTH members, and again I would welcome responses to Monbiot's dismissal of what we might consider environmental initiatives that operate within the dominant economic paradigm. I guess this raises age-old political questions regarding evolution or revolution, albeit in the context of a global environmental crisis that may be pushing us toward a tipping point that will result in radical, and potentially chaotic change.Anyway, perhaps you will find these environmental opinions appearing in a major national newspaper of interest.all the best, PiersPiers Locke PhDSenior Lecturer in Anthropology and Co-Director New Zealand South Asia CentreDepartment of Sociology and AnthropologyUniversity of CanterburyPrivate Bag 4800Christchurch8140New Zealandinternal phone: 4975Ethnoelephantology: Exploring the intersections of humans and elephants:Staff page:Co-Director, New Zealand South Asia Centre:Member, New Zealand Centre for Human Animal Studies:Fellow, New Zealand India Research InstituteCanterbury Anthropology is a HAU-N.E.T member institution, see: http://www.haujournal.org/index.php/hau/pages/view/hau-netThis email may be confidential and subject to legal privilege, it maynot reflect the views of the University of Canterbury, and it is notguaranteed to be virus free. If you are not an intended recipient,please notify the sender immediately and erase all copies of the messageand any attachments.Please refer to http://www.canterbury.ac.nz/emaildisclaimer for moreinformation.