lunes, 1 de noviembre de 2010

To Know what to know actualy is

know Look up know at
O.E. cnawan (class VII strong verb; past tense cneow, pp. cnawen), from P.Gmc. *knoeanan (cf. O.H.G. bi-chnaan, ir-chnaan "to know"), from PIE base *gno- "to know" (cf. O.Pers. xšnasatiy "he shall know;" O.C.S. znati, Rus. znat "to know;" L. gnoscere; Gk. *gno-, as in gignoskein; Skt. jna- "know"). Once widespread in Germanic, this form is now retained only in English, where however it has widespread application, covering meanings that require two or more verbs in other languages (e.g. Ger. wissen, kennen, erkennen and in part können; Fr. connaître, savoir; L. novisse, cognoscire, scire; O.C.S. znaja, vemi). The Anglo-Saxons used two distinct words for this, witan (see wit) and cnawan. Meaning "to have sexual intercourse with" is attested from c.1200, from the O.T. To not know one's ass from one's elbow is from 1930. To know better "to have learned from experience" is from 1704. You know as a parenthetical filler is from 1712, but it has roots in 14c.
know-nothing Look up know-nothing at
"ignoramus," 1827, from know + nothing. As a U.S. nativist political party, active 1853-56, the name refers to the secret society at the core of the party, about which members were instructed to answer, if asked about it, that they "know nothing." The party eventually merged into the Republican Party.
knowhow Look up knowhow at
also know-how, "technical expertise," 1838, Amer.Eng., from know + how.
knowingly Look up knowingly at
late 14c., from prp. of know + -ly (2).
knowledge Look up knowledge at
M.E. cnawlece. For first element see know. Second element obscure, perhaps cognate with the -lock "action, process," found in wedlock.
knowledgeable Look up knowledgeable at
also knowledgable, c.1600, "capable of being known, recognizable" (a sense now obsolete), from knowledge (which also was a verb in M.E.) + -able. The modern sense of "having knowledge, displaying knowledge" is from 1829 and probably a new formation.
acknowledge Look up acknowledge at
1550s, a blend of M.E. aknow (from O.E. oncnawan "understand," from on + cnawan "recognize;" see know) and M.E. verb knowlechen "admit" (late 15c.). Somehow, in the merger, a parasitic -c- slipped in, so that, while the kn- became a simple "n" sound (as in know), the -c- stepped up to preserve, in this word, the ancient "kn-" sound. Related: Acknowledged; acknowledging.
acknowledgement Look up acknowledgement at
also acknowledgment ("a spelling more in accordance with Eng. values of letters" [OED]), 1590s, "act of acknowledging," from acknowledge + -ment. "An early instance of -ment added to an orig. Eng. vb." [OED]. Meaning "token of due recognition" is recorded from 1610s.
foreknowledge Look up foreknowledge at
1530s, from fore + knowledge.
unbeknown Look up unbeknown at
1630s, from un- (1) “not” + beknown (see be- + pp. of know).
unbeknownst Look up unbeknownst at
1848, vulgar formation from unbeknown (1630s). No clear reason for the -st, but since 19c. this has become the dominant form.
unknowing Look up unknowing at
c.1300 (adj.) “without knowledge, ignorant,” from un- (1) “not” + prp. of know. Noun meaning “ignorance” is mid-14c. Related: Unknowingly.
unknown (adj.) Look up unknown at
c.1300, "strange, unfamiliar" (of persons, places), from un- (1) "not" + pp. of know. Cf. O.E. ungecnawen. In ref. to facts, attested from early 14c. The noun meaning "unknown person" is recorded from 1590s.
well-known Look up well-known at
late 15c., from well (adv.) + pp. of know.

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